Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
Received: 15 Dec 2011 – Discussion started: 05 Jan 2012
Abstract. This work aims to contribute to the development of in situ instruments feasible for space application. Commercial as well as custom-made thermal sensors, based on the transient hot wire technique and suitable for direct measurement of the effective thermal conductivity of granular media, were tested for application under airless conditions. In order to check the ability of custom-made sensors to measure the thermal conductivity of planetary surface layers, detailed numerical simulations predicting the response of the different sensors have been performed. These simulations reveal that for investigations under high vacuum conditions (as they prevail, e.g. on the lunar surface), the derived thermal conductivity values can significantly depend on sensor geometry, axial heat flow, and the thermal contact between probe and surrounding material. Therefore, a careful calibration of each particular sensor is necessary in order to obtain reliable thermal conductivity measurements. The custom-made sensors presented in this work can serve as prototypes for payload to be flown on future planetary lander missions, in particular for airless bodies like the Moon, asteroids and comets, but also for Mars.
Revised: 20 Apr 2012 – Accepted: 24 Apr 2012 – Published: 22 May 2012
Hütter, E. S. and Kömle, N. I.: Performance of thermal conductivity probes for planetary applications, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 1, 53-75, doi:10.5194/gi-1-53-2012, 2012.