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Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 1, 185-196, 2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review article
21 Nov 2012
Atmospheric muons: experimental aspects
S. Cecchini1 and M. Spurio1,2 1INFN, sezione di Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40100 Bologna, Italy
2Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Università di Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40100 Bologna, Italy
Abstract. We present a review of atmospheric muon flux and energy spectrum measurements over almost six decades of muon momentum. Sea level and underground/water/ice experiments are considered. Possible sources of systematic errors in the measurements are examined. The characteristics of underground/water muons (muons in bundle, lateral distribution, energy spectrum) are discussed. The connection between the atmospheric muon and neutrino measurements are also reported.

Citation: Cecchini, S. and Spurio, M.: Atmospheric muons: experimental aspects, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 1, 185-196,, 2012.
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