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Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 7, 1-9, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-7-1-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
23 Jan 2018
Numerical evaluation of magnetic absolute measurements with arbitrarily distributed DI-fluxgate theodolite orientations
Heinz-Peter Brunke and Jürgen Matzka GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
Abstract. At geomagnetic observatories the absolute measurements are needed to determine the calibration parameters of the continuously recording vector magnetometer (variometer). Absolute measurements are indispensable for determining the vector of the geomagnetic field over long periods of time. A standard DI (declination, inclination) measuring scheme for absolute measurements establishes routines in magnetic observatories. The traditional measuring schema uses a fixed number of eight orientations (Jankowski et al., 1996).

We present a numerical method, allowing for the evaluation of an arbitrary number (minimum of five as there are five independent parameters) of telescope orientations. Our method provides D, I and Z base values and calculated error bars of them.

A general approach has significant advantages. Additional measurements may be seamlessly incorporated for higher accuracy. Individual erroneous readings are identified and can be discarded without invalidating the entire data set. A priori information can be incorporated. We expect the general method to also ease requirements for automated DI-flux measurements. The method can reveal certain properties of the DI theodolite which are not captured by the conventional method.

Based on the alternative evaluation method, a new faster and less error-prone measuring schema is presented. It avoids needing to calculate the magnetic meridian prior to the inclination measurements.

Measurements in the vicinity of the magnetic equator are possible with theodolites and without a zenith ocular.

The implementation of the method in MATLAB is available as source code at the GFZ Data Center Brunke (2017).

Citation: Brunke, H.-P. and Matzka, J.: Numerical evaluation of magnetic absolute measurements with arbitrarily distributed DI-fluxgate theodolite orientations, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 7, 1-9, https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-7-1-2018, 2018.

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Short summary
The long-term drift of magnetometers at geomagnetic observatories is calibrated by a non-magnetic theodolite. We propose a numerical method to evaluate such absolute measurements in a new, more general manner. It is more flexible and helps to identify and correct or discard erroneous measurements. We derive this method and give examples showing how it improves the quality and reliability of the calibrations parameters (the so-called baseline values) of an observatory magnetometer.
The long-term drift of magnetometers at geomagnetic observatories is calibrated by a...
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