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Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 7, issue 1
Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 7, 11-19, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-7-11-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 7, 11-19, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-7-11-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 29 Jan 2018

Research article | 29 Jan 2018

Multifunction waveform generator for EM receiver testing

Kai Chen, Sheng Jin, and Ming Deng Kai Chen et al.
  • School of Geophysics and Information Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, China

Abstract. In many electromagnetic (EM) methods – such as magnetotelluric, spectral-induced polarization (SIP), time-domain-induced polarization (TDIP), and controlled-source audio magnetotelluric (CSAMT) methods – it is important to evaluate and test the EM receivers during their development stage. To assess the performance of the developed EM receivers, controlled synthetic data that simulate the observed signals in different modes are required. In CSAMT and SIP mode testing, the waveform generator should use the GPS time as the reference for repeating schedule. Based on our testing, the frequency range, frequency precision, and time synchronization of the currently available function waveform generators on the market are deficient. This paper presents a multifunction waveform generator with three waveforms: (1) a wideband, low-noise electromagnetic field signal to be used for magnetotelluric, audio-magnetotelluric, and long-period magnetotelluric studies; (2) a repeating frequency sweep square waveform for CSAMT and SIP studies; and (3) a positive-zero–negative-zero signal that contains primary and secondary fields for TDIP studies. In this paper, we provide the principles of the above three waveforms along with a hardware design for the generator. Furthermore, testing of the EM receiver was conducted with the waveform generator, and the results of the experiment were compared with those calculated from the simulation and theory in the frequency band of interest.

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To assess the performance of the developed EM receivers, this paper presents a multifunctional waveform generator with three waveforms: 1) a wideband, low-noise electromagnetic field signal to be used for magnetotelluric, audio-magnetotelluric, and long-period magnetotelluric studies; 2) a repeating frequency sweep square waveform for CSAMT and SIP studies; and 3) a “positive-zero–negative-zero” signal that contains primary and secondary fields for time-domain-induced polarization studies.
To assess the performance of the developed EM receivers, this paper presents a multifunctional...
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