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Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 7, issue 2 | Copyright
Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 7, 179-187, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-7-179-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 18 Jun 2018

Research article | 18 Jun 2018

Geological stratigraphy and spatial distribution of microfractures over the Costa Rica convergent margin, Central America – a wavelet-fractal analysis

Upendra K. Singh, Rahul Prajapati, and Thinesh Kumar Upendra K. Singh et al.
  • Department of Applied Geophysics, IIT(ISM), Dhanbad-826 004, India

Abstract. Identification of spatial distribution of lithology as a function of position and scale is a very critical job for lithology modelling in industry. Wavelet transform (WT) is an efficacious and powerful mathematical tool for time (position) and frequency (scale) localization. It has numerous advantages over Fourier transform (FT) to obtain frequency and time information of a signal. Initially continuous wavelet transform (CWT) was applied on gamma ray logs for identification of lithofacies distribution, and later discrete wavelet transform (DWT) was applied on density logs to identify the fracture zones. In this study the data were taken from two different well sites (well 1039 and well 1043) of the Costa Rica convergent margin, Central America. The CWT analysis provides four major sedimentary layers terminated with a concordant igneous intrusion passing through both the wells. In addition, the wavelet-based fractal analysis (WBFA) technique was applied on identified sedimentary successions, and fractal-dimension (FD) values were calculated for every succession to know the presence and distribution of fractures. We found that the second and third successions have a high FD value, whereas the first and fourth successions have a low FD value. These high values may be due to the presence of abundant shale content and low-energy environments in the sedimentary successions.

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CWT was applied for lithology detection over the Costa Rica margin, using gamma ray logs as a best indicator. It is observed that four major sedimentary layers terminated there with a gabbroic sill. DWT was applied on density logs to identify small changes in the rock matrix. Accordingly, wavelet-based fractal analysis was applied on every sedimentary layer. This analysis indicates that a certain portion of wells contain abundant shale and low-energy environments.
CWT was applied for lithology detection over the Costa Rica margin, using gamma ray logs as a...
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