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Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 7, issue 4 | Copyright
Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 7, 297-306, 2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 05 Nov 2018

Research article | 05 Nov 2018

Consideration of NDVI thematic changes in density analysis and floristic composition of Wadi Yalamlam, Saudi Arabia

Amal Y. Aldhebiani1, Mohamed Elhag2, Ahmad K. Hegazy3, Hanaa K. Galal1,4, and Norah S. Mufareh1 Amal Y. Aldhebiani et al.
  • 1Biological Sciences Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • 2Department of Hydrology and Water Resources Management, Faculty of Meteorology, Environment & Arid Land Agriculture, King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • 3Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
  • 4Botany & Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

Abstract. Wadi Yalamlam is known as one of the significant wadis in the west of Saudi Arabia. It is a very important water source for the western region of the country. Thus, it supplies the holy places in Mecca and the surrounding areas with drinking water. The floristic composition of Wadi Yalamlam has not been comprehensively studied. For that reason, this work aimed to assess the wadi vegetation cover, life-form presence, chorotype, diversity, and community structure using temporal remote sensing data. Temporal datasets spanning 4 years were acquired from the Landsat 8 sensor in 2013 as an early acquisition and in 2017 as a late acquisition to estimate normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) changes. The wadi was divided into seven stands. Stands 7, 1, and 3 were the richest with the highest Shannon index values of 2.98, 2.69, and 2.64, respectively. On the other hand, stand 6 has the least plant biodiversity with a Shannon index of 1.8. The study also revealed the presence of 48 different plant species belonging to 24 families. Fabaceae (17%) and Poaceae (13%) were the main families that form most of the vegetation in the study area, while many families were represented by only 2% of the vegetation of the wadi. NDVI analysis showed that the wadi suffers from various types of degradation of the vegetation cover along with the wadi main stream.

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Short summary
The current article focuses on plant diversity assessment in arid environments. Species richness and species evenness equations were used to meet the objectives. Remote sensing techniques were used to detect normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) temporal changes. Two datasets were used to realize the NDVI, and post-chance detection (PCC) techniques were used to evaluate plant diversity status over a period of 4 years. The results show a recognizable loss in plant biodiversity.
The current article focuses on plant diversity assessment in arid environments. Species richness...