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GI | Articles | Volume 7, issue 4
Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 7, 317-329, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-7-317-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 7, 317-329, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-7-317-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 30 Nov 2018

Research article | 30 Nov 2018

Neutral temperature and atmospheric water vapour retrieval from spectral fitting of auroral and airglow emissions

Joshua M. Chadney and Daniel K. Whiter
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Cited articles  
Baker, D. J. and Stair, A. T.: Rocket measurements of the altitude distributions of the hydroxyl airglow, Phys. Scripta, 37, 611–622, https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/37/4/021, 1988. a
Bevis, M., Businger, S., Herring, T. A., Rocken, C., Anthes, R. A., and Ware, R. H.: GPS meteorology: Remote sensing of atmospheric water vapor using the global positioning system, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 15787, https://doi.org/10.1029/92JD01517, 1992. a
Chaboureau, J.-P., Chédin, A., and Scott, N. A.: Remote sensing of the vertical distribution of atmospheric water vapor from the TOVS observations: Method and validation, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 103, 8743–8752, https://doi.org/10.1029/98JD00045, 1998. a
Chadney, J. M., Whiter, D. K., and Lanchester, B. S.: Effect of water vapour absorption on hydroxyl temperatures measured from Svalbard, Ann. Geophys., 35, 481–491, https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-35-481-2017, 2017. a, b, c, d, e, f
Chakrabarti, S., Pallamraju, D., Baumgardner, J., and Vaillancourt, J.: HiTIES: A High Throughput Imaging Echelle Spectrogragh for ground-based visible airglow and auroral studies, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 30337, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JA001105, 2001. a, b
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We measure spectra of upper atmospheric emissions in optical wavelengths using the High Throughput Imaging Echelle Spectrograph (HiTIES) located on Svalbard. These spectra contain superposed emissions originating from different altitudes. In this paper, we describe a fitting method which allows us to separate the measured emissions, thus allowing us to measure neutral temperatures at different altitudes and the density of water vapour in the atmosphere above the instrument.
We measure spectra of upper atmospheric emissions in optical wavelengths using the High...
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