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GI | Articles | Volume 8, issue 1
Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 8, 29-43, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-8-29-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 8, 29-43, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-8-29-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 04 Feb 2019

Research article | 04 Feb 2019

Shallow geophysical techniques to investigate the groundwater table at the Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt

Sharafeldin M. Sharafeldin et al.
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Cited articles  
Abbas, A. M., Atya, M., EL-Emam, A., Ghazala, H., Shabaan, F., Odah, H., El-Kheder, I., and Lethy, A.: Integrated Geophysical Studies to Image the Remains of Amenemeht- II Pyramid's Complex in Dahshour Necropolis, Giza, Egypt, NRIAG, 2009. 
Abbas, A. M., El-sayed, E. A., Shaaban, F. A., and Abdel-Hafez, T.: Uncovering the Pyramids-Giza Plateau in a Search for Archaeological Relics by Utilizing Ground Penetrating Radar, J. Am. Sci., 8, 1–16, 2012. 
AECOM (ECG, and EDG): Pyramids Plateau Groundwater Lowering Activity. Groundwater Modeling and Alternatives Evaluation, USAID Contract No EDH-I-00-08-00024-00-Order No.02, 2010. 
Annan, A. P.: Ground-penetrating radar, in: Near surface geophysics, edited by: Butler, D. K., Society of exploration geophysicists: Tulsa, Investigations in Geophysics, 13, 357–438, 2005. 
Azaria, A., Zelt, C. A., and Levander, A.: High-resolution seismic mapping at a groundwater contamination site: 3-D traveltime tomography of refraction data, EGS–AGU–EUG joint Assembly, Abstracts from the meeting held in Nice, 2003. 
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Integrated geophysical techniques (ERT, SSR, and GPR) along the conducted profiles at the Great Pyramids of Giza have been successfully used to investigate the groundwater table and support hazard mitigation. The groundwater table elevation is 15 m under the Great Sphinx, which is safe, and at the Nazlet El-Samman it is 16–17 m.
Integrated geophysical techniques (ERT, SSR, and GPR) along the conducted profiles at the Great...
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